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The last million : Europe's displaced persons from World War to Cold War / David Nasaw.

The last million : Europe's displaced persons from World War to Cold War / David Nasaw.
Catalogue Information
Field name Details
ISBN 9781594206733 (hardback)
Author Nasaw, David author.
Title The last million : Europe's displaced persons from World War to Cold War / David Nasaw.
Publisher/Date New York : Penguin Press, 2020.
Pagination etc. xii, 654 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm.
Bibliography, etc. note Includes bibliographical references (pages [563]-615) and index.
Summary Note "In May of 1945, German forces surrendered to the Allied powers, effectively putting an end to World War II in Europe. But the aftershocks of this global military conflict did not cease with the signing of truces and peace treaties. Millions of lost and homeless POWs, slave laborers, political prisoners, and concentration camp survivors overwhelmed Germany, a country in complete disarray. British and American soldiers gathered the malnourished and desperate foreigners, and attempted to repatriate them to Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, and the USSR. But after exhaustive efforts, there remained over a million displaced persons who either refused to go home or, in the case of many, had no home to which to return. They would spend the next three to five years in displaced persons camps, divided by nationalities, temporary homelands in exile, with their own police forces, churches, schools, newspapers, and medical facilities. The international community couldn't agree on the fate of the Last Million, and after a year of fruitless debate and inaction, an International Refugee Organization was created to resettle them in lands suffering from labor shortages. But no nations were willing to accept the 200,000 to 250,000 Jewish men, women, and children who remained trapped in Germany. In 1948, the United States, among the last countries to accept anyone for resettlement, finally passed a Displaced Persons Bill - but as Cold War fears supplanted memories of WWII atrocities, the bill only granted visas to those who were reliably anti-communist, including thousands of former Nazi collaborators, Waffen-SS members, and war criminals, while barring the Jews who were suspected of being Communist sympathizers or agents because they had been recent residents of Soviet-dominated Poland. Only after the passage of the controversial UN resolution for the partition of Palestine and Israel's declaration of independence were the remaining Jewish survivors finally able to leave their displaced persons camps in Germany."--
Subject United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
International Refugee Organization
World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees -- Europe
Refugees -- Europe -- History -- 20th century
Refugees -- Government policy -- Europe -- History -- 20th century
Jewish refugees -- Europe -- History -- 20th century
Political refugees -- Europe -- History -- 20th century
Jews -- Europe -- Migrations -- History -- 20th century
Humanitarianism -- History -- 20th century
World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees -- United States
Europe -- Emigration and immigration -- History -- 20th century
United States -- Emigration and immigration -- Government policy
Shelf Location 940.53145 NASA
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